Church-State Relations and the Vitality of Religion in European Comparison

  • Detlef Pollack
  • Gert Pickel


If, thirty or forty years ago, a social scientist had tried to determine the social position and development prospects of religion and the churches in modern societies, he would probably have relied on the secularization theory. This theory assumes that the modern age and religion are in a strained relationship to each other, and that the more modern a society becomes, the less socially relevant are religion and the churches turn out to be. Industrialization, tertiarization – the growth of the service industry – urbanization, increasing prosperity, higher education levels, higher mobility, rationalization, cultural pluralism, individualization – all these factors and whatever other processes are normally viewed as being typical of modernity have, so say the secularists, a negative effect on the continued existence of religion.


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Copyright information

© VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften | GWV Fachverlage GmbH 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Detlef Pollack
  • Gert Pickel

There are no affiliations available

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