India's National Skills Development Policy and Implications for TVET and Lifelong Learning



Vocational Education Skill Development Qualification Framework Senior Secondary School Vocational Skill 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Baradol, A.K. 2009. Bologna Process of Library and Information Science Education in SAARC countries: a proposal. (Paper presented at the World Library and Information Congress: 75th IFLA General Conference and Council. 23–27 August 2009, Milan, Italy.) (Accessed 26 August 2011.)
  2. Blaug, M. 1973. Education and Employment Problem in Developing Countries. Geneva, International Labour Organisation.Google Scholar
  3. Chandra, A. 2006. ‘Vocational Education and Training in India: a Perspective for Change’. Draft of 30 October 2006. New Delhi.Google Scholar
  4. Comyn, P. 2009. Vocational qualification frameworks in Asia-Pacific. A cresting wave of educational reform? Research in Post-Compulsory Education, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 251–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. DGE&T (Directorate General of Employment and Training). 2008. Skills Development Initiative Scheme (SDIS). Implementation Manual. DGE&T, Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India.Google Scholar
  6. EdCIL (Education Consultants India Limited). 2005. Studying the Effectiveness of Vocational Training in the Private Sector in India: Analysis of Data in Eight States. (Working Paper prepared for the World Bank by Education Consultants India Limited.)Google Scholar
  7. Foster, P.J. 1965. The Vocational School Fallacy in Development Planning. C.A. Anderson and M. J. Bowman (eds). Education and economic development. Chicago, Il., Aldine pp. 142–66.Google Scholar
  8. Goel, V.P. 2011. Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) system in India for sustainable development. Bonn, UNEVOC. (Accessed 17 August 2011.)
  9. Grubb, W.N. 1985. The Convergence of Educational system and the Role of Vocationalism. Comparative Education Review, Vol. 28, No. 4, pp. 526–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Haq, M. and Haq, K. 1998. Human Development in South Asia 1998. Karachi, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Hindustan Times. 2011. Skills under-graduation, do post-graduation with diploma from polytechnic. (n.d.) February. New Delhi.Google Scholar
  12. Stockmarket today. 2011. NVEQF to meet shortage of skilled manpower. 21 January. (Accessed 14 August 2011.)
  13. India Education Guide. 2011. MHRD India: Unanimity amongst States for the National Vocational Education Qualification Framework (NVEQF). 21 January. (Accessed 15 August 2011.)
  14. ICBSE news. 2011. TeamLease Vocational Education University, Gujarat Soon. 14 January. (Accessed 14 August 2011.)
  15. Indiainfoline. 2011 National Vocational Education Framework on the Anvil: Kapil Sibal. 6 May. (Accessed 14 August 2011.)
  16. Indian Express. 2011. Focus will be on vocational education framework: Sibal. (Accessed 15 August 2011.)
  17. IAMR (Institute of Applied Manpower Research). 2010. The Challenges facing Skills Development in India: An Issue Paper. Delhi, Institute of Applied Manpower Research, Planing Comission, Government of India.Google Scholar
  18. IAMR (Institute of Applied Manpower Research). 2011. Final Draft of the National Vocational Education Qualifications Framework (NVEQF). 2011. New Delhi, IAMR.Google Scholar
  19. ILO (International Labour Organization). 2005. Recommendation concerning Human Resources Development: Education, Training and Lifelong Learning. Geneva, ILO. (Recommendation, 195)Google Scholar
  20. ILO (International Labour Organization). 2009. High-level Tripartite Meeting on the Current Global Financial and Economic Crisis. The financial and economic crisis. A Decent Work response. (Paper submitted to the Governing Body Committee on Employment and Social Policy as document GB.304/ESP/2.)Google Scholar
  21. ILO (International Labour Organization). 2003. Industrial Training Institutes of India: The Efficiency Study Report. New Delhi, ILO Subregional Office for South Asia.Google Scholar
  22. Jha, B.K. 2004. Technical Education in UP (Uttar Pradesh). Economic and Political Weekly. 29 May, pp. 2207–08.Google Scholar
  23. King, K. 2007a. Priorities for Technical and Vocational Education and training (TVET) in Historical Perspective in India: a Role for UNESCO in Policy or Practice? Unpublished Manuscript. (Background paper for an evaluation of TVET in Asia, for Bangkok Regional Office of UNESCO)Google Scholar
  24. King, K. 2007b. Training in the Informal Sector of India – an Asian Driver? (Paper delivered at the National Conference on Approaching Inclusive Growth through Skills Development, MHRD/Ministry for Labour and Employment, GTZ, and UNESCO, 12–13 February 2007, New Delhi.)Google Scholar
  25. MHRD (Ministry of Human Resource Development). n.d. Selected Educational Statistics: 2008–2009. Government of India, New Delhi.Google Scholar
  26. MHRD (Ministry of Human Resource Development). 2011. Fifty Eighth Meeting of the Central Advisory Board of Education. Agenda Items and Background Notes. New Delhi, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India.Google Scholar
  27. MHRD (Ministry of Human Resource Development). 1998. National Policy on Education 1986. New Delhi, Department of Education, MHRD.Google Scholar
  28. MoLE (Ministry of Labour and Employment) and the ILO (International Labour Organization). 2008. Draft Proceedings of the National Consultation on Development of Training Policy in India. (ILO/MOLE in collaboration with KUT, New Delhi, 20–21 February 2008.)Google Scholar
  29. MoLE (Ministry of Labour and Employment). 2009. National Policy on Skills Development. Ministry of Labor and Employment. Delhi, Government of India. (Accessed 14 August 2011.)
  30. NCERT (National Council of Educational Research and Training). 2005. National Curriculum Framework. New Delhi, NCERT.Google Scholar
  31. NCERT (National Council of Educational Research and Training). 2007. Position Paper. National Focal Group on Work and Education. New Delhi, NCERT. (Paper No. 3.7.)Google Scholar
  32. NIOS (National Institute of Open Schooling). 2006. Open Basic Education Programme: Models of Equivalency Programmes. Report of the Study of NIOS. New Delhi, NIOS.Google Scholar
  33. National Literacy Mission Authority. 2010. Saakshar Bharat. Centrally Sponsored Scheme. New Delhi, Department of School Education and Literacy. Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India.Google Scholar
  34. NCEUS (National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector). 2009. Skill Formation and Employment Assurance in the Unorganised Sector. (Accessed 14 August 2011.)
  35. Odisha HRD. 2011. India plans a national vocational education framework by mid-2011. (Accessed 17 August 2011.)
  36. Pillai, L. 2009. Institutionalising Community Colleges in India. (Accessed 11 August 2011.)
  37. Pillai, S. 2009. India: National Strategies for Vocational Education and Lifelong Learning. (Speech for the CONFINTEA VI, Belem, Brazil, 2 December 2009.)Google Scholar
  38. Planning Commission. 2001. India as a Knowledge Superpower: Strategy for Transformation. A Task Force Report. New Delhi, Government of India.Google Scholar
  39. Planning Commission. 2006. Report of the Working Group on Skills Development and Vocational Training for the XI Five Year Plan, 2007–2012. New Delhi, Government of India.Google Scholar
  40. Planning Commission. 2007. Task Force on Skills Development. New Delhi, Government of India.Google Scholar
  41. Planning Commission. 2008. Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007–12). New Delhi, Government of India.Google Scholar
  42. Press Information Bureau. 2010. National Vocational Education Qualification Framework; Shri Kapil Sibal meets with Representatives of Automobile Industry, 8 December. New Delhi, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India.Google Scholar
  43. Radhakrishnan, V.H. and Patki, S.D. 2009. TVET qualifications framework and learner mobility – challenges and issues. Proceedings of International Conference on ‘Harnessing Qualifications Framework Towards Quality Assurance in TVET’, Manila, Philippine 1–2 December, organised by the Colombo Plan Staff College for Technical Education (CPSC). Manila, InWEnt & UNESCO-UNEVOC.Google Scholar
  44. Rao, R.R. 2008. Winning the War for Talent. ICAR Management Consulting Services Limited.Google Scholar
  45. Singh, C.S.K. 2003. Skill, Education and Employment: A dissenting essay. Economic and Political Weekly. 2 August.Google Scholar
  46. Tan and Savchenko. 2005. In-Service Training in India: Evidence from the India Firm-Level Investment Climate Survey (World Bank Working Paper.)Google Scholar
  47. TeamLease. 2007. India Labour Report 2007: The Youth Un-employability Crisis. India, TeamLease Services.Google Scholar
  48. The Hindu. 2006. UGC task force to create qualification framework. 28. January.Google Scholar
  49. Tilak, J.B.G. 2002. Vocational education and Training in Asia. J. P. Keeves and R. Watanabe (eds), The International Handbook of Educational Research in the Asia-Pacific Region. The Netherlands, Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  50. Tilak, J.B.G. 2006. Post-elementary education, poverty reduction and development in India. International Journal of Educational Development, Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 435–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Wijemanne, E.L. 1978. Educational reforms in Sri Lanka. Paris, UNESCO. (Report studies C. 70.)Google Scholar
  52. World Bank. 2006. Skills Development in India: The Vocational Education and Training System. Washington, Human Development Unit, South Asia Region, The World Bank.Google Scholar
  53. World Bank 2008. India vocational training improvement project. (Accessed 31 August 2011.)
  54. Young, M. and Allais, S. 2011. Options for Designing an NVQF for India. (Discussion Paper 10 March 2011.)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften | Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UNESCO Institute for Lifelong LearningHamburgGermany

Personalised recommendations