Industrial Internet of Things Solution for Real-Time Monitoring of the Additive Manufacturing Process
Modern cyber manufacturing has been introduced into a broad range of manufacturing processes to ease their digital reconfigurability and enhance flexibility while retaining a high throughput of quality products. Such a system provides real-time data acquisition, enabling monitoring of the actual condition of the manufacturing process. The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) facilitates such real-time monitoring and optimization of the fabricating system, which reduces time necessary for maintenance with the possibility of almost instantaneously taking any necessary corrective measures with respect to either human to the machine/process from learned algorithms. In this research, an original IIoT approach has been proposed to monitor the process conditions, including nozzle temperature and filament breakage/runout, of the additive manufacturing process. In particular, concurrent multi-task IIoT communication was developed for a network of five nodes. This was implemented to ensure real time monitoring of the manufacturing process via multi sensors and empowered by an embedded software design. The proposed embedded software architecture offers a reliable solution to eliminate communication latency and provides real-time response to acquired information. It is worth emphasizing that the embedded software was designed so that it optimally exploits the very great potential of the hardware resources, with the ability to detect run-time issues in the nodes’ performance and re-try to address such issues to maintain a high capability networking communication. The designed architecture also offers auto-scaling throughput of the data transferred to the cloud to minimize the bandwidth.
KeywordsIIoT M2M Industrial informatics Industry 4.0 AM
The authors would like to thank the European Commission for funding the PAM2 project under H2020-MSCA-ITN-2016 Program, Grant Agreement No 721383. The authors gratefully acknowledge the technical help provided by Eng. Saeed Mohsen, PhD student at ASU, Egypt.
- 4.Dilberoglu, U.M., et al.: The role of additive manufacturing in the era of Industry 4.0. In: 27th FAIM, Procedia Manufacturing, vol. 11, pp. 545–554, 27–30 June 2017Google Scholar
- 5.Kang, H.S., et al.: Smart manufacturing: past research, present findings, and future directions. Int. J. Precis. Eng. Manuf. Green Tech. 3, 111–128 (2016)Google Scholar
- 10.Elkaseer, A., et al.: Approaches to a practical implementation of Industry 4.0. In: IARIA, ACHI, pp. 141–146 (2018)Google Scholar
- 11.MathWorks Cloud. https://thingspeak.com/. Accessed 25 May 2018
- 12.Silberschatz, A., et al: Operating System Concepts. Wiley (2006). ISBN 0470088486Google Scholar