Internet of Things–Based Smart City Environments Using Big Data Analytics: A Survey

  • Muhammad BabarEmail author
  • Fahim Arif
  • Muhammad Irfan
Part of the EAI/Springer Innovations in Communication and Computing book series (EAISICC)


The intense growth and acceptance of the Internet of Things (IoT) is reflected in the trend of smart cities. Smart cities are being implemented to improve standards of living and provide higher-quality services to residents. These services may include (but are not limited to) parking, water, health, transportation, environment, and power. The varied implementations of smart cities and the IoT are challenged by the processing of gigantic data and real-time decision management. In this chapter, we explore the use of big data analytics in IoT-based smart city development and design. This chapter provides a conceptual framework for the use of big data analytics in IoT-based smart city environments.


Smart city IoT Big data analytics 


  1. 1.
    Systems: A survey. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 1551-3203 (c) 2015 IEEE.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jan, M. A., Jan, S. R. U., Alam, M., Akhunzada, A., & Rahman, I. U. (2018). A comprehensive analysis of congestion control protocols in wireless sensor networks. Mobile Networks and Applications, 23, 1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jacobs, I. S., & Bean, C. P. (2017). Innovative energy management solutions using cloud intelligence and big data analysis. Future Generation Computer Systems, 77, 65–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Usman, M., He, X., Lam, K. K., Xu, M., Chen, J., Bokhari, S. M. M, et al. (2017). Error concealment for cloud-based and scalable video coding of HD videos. IEEE Transactions on Cloud Computing.
  5. 5.
    Cisco Visual Networking. (2015). The zettabyte era: Ctrends and analysis. Cisco white paper.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sharma, M., & Chauhan, V. (2016). A review: Map reduce and spark for big data analytics. International Journal of Advanced Technology in Engineering and Science, 4(6), 42–50.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Michael, K., & Miller, K. W. (2013). Big data: New opportunities and challenges [guest introduction]. Computer, 46(6), 22–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chen, M., Mao, S., & Liu, Y. (2014). Big data: A survey. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    David Lake S., Rayes, A., & Morrow, M. (2013). The internet of things. The Internet Protocol Journal, 15, 3. Cisco Press: San Jose.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jan, M. A., Khan, F., Alam, M., & Usman, M. (2017). A payload-based mutual authentication scheme for internet of things. Future Generation Computer Systems. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Khan, F., ur Rahman, I., Khan, M., Iqbal, N., & Alam, M. (2016). CoAP-based request-response interaction model for the internet of things. In International Conference on Future Intelligent Vehicular Technologies (pp. 146–156). Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jan, M. A., Nanda, P., He, X., Tan, Z., & Liu, R. P. (2014). A robust authentication scheme for observing resources in the internet of things environment. In 2014 IEEE 13th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom) (pp. 205–211). IEEE.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Khan, F., Khan, M., Iqbal, Z., ur Rahman, I., & Alam, M. (2016). Secure and safe surveillance system using sensors networks-internet of things. In International Conference on Future Intelligent Vehicular Technologies (pp. 167–174). Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Khattak, M. I., Edwards, R. M., Shafi, M., Ahmed, S., Shaikh, R., & Khan, F. (2018). Wet environmental conditions affecting narrow band on-body communication channel for WBANs. Adhoc & Sensor Wireless Networks, 40(3/4), 297–312.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Khan, F., ur Rehman, A., Usman, M., Tan, Z., & Puthal, D. (2018). Performance of cognitive radio sensor networks using hybrid automatic repeat request: Stop-and-wait. Mobile Networks and Applications, 23, 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Levent, T. B., & Nukamp, P. (2006). Quality of urban life: A taxonomic perspective. Studies in Regional Science, 36(2), 269–281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lee, I., & Lee, K. (2015). The Internet of Things (IoT): Applications, investments and challenges for enterprises (Vol. A247, pp. 529–551). London: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Miorandi, D., Sicari, S., De Pelligrini, F., & Chalamatic, I. (1987). Internet of things: Vision, applications and research challenges. IEEE Translation Journal on Magnetics in Japan, 2, 740–741. [Ad hoc Networks 10 (2012), p. 1497–1516].CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Alam, M., Albano, M., Radwan, A., & Rodriguez, J. (2013). CANDi: Context-aware node discovery for short-range cooperation. Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies, 26(5), 861–875. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Jan, M. A., Usman, M., He, X., & Rehman, A. U. (2018). SAMS: A seamless and authorized multimedia streaming framework for WMSN-based IoMT. IEEE Internet of Things Journal.
  21. 21.
    Usman, M., Jan, M. A., & He, X. (2017). Cryptography-based secure data storage and sharing using HEVC and public clouds. Information Sciences, 387, 90–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Alam, M., Yang, D., Huq, K., Saghezchi, F., Mumtaz, S., & Rodriguez, J. (2015). Towards 5G: Context aware resource allocation for energy saving. Journal of Signal Processing Systems, 83(2), 279–291.
  23. 23.
    Usman, M., Jan, M. A., He, X., & Nanda, P. (2016). Data sharing in secure multimedia wireless sensor networks. In 2016 IEEE Trustcom/BigDataSE/I SPA (pp. 590–597). IEEE.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Schaffers, H., Komninos, N., Pallot, M., Trousse, B., Nilsson, M., & Oliveira, A. (2011). Smart cities and the future internet: Towards cooperation frameworks for open innovation. Lecturer Notes in Computer Science, 6656, 431–446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Harris, J. M. (2000). Basic principles of sustainable development, global development and environment institute. Medford: Tufts University.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National University of Sciences and TechnologyIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Iqra UniversityIslamabadPakistan

Personalised recommendations