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Application of Geoinformatics for the Integrated Watershed Management and Development Planning, Bal Ganga Basin, Tehri Garhwal (Uttarakhand)

  • Vijendra Kumar Pandey
Chapter

Abstract

The primary issue of the twenty-first century is optimum utilization of natural resources and sustainable development planning in order to accelerate the pace of socioeconomic development. The key issue of the developing countries is how to address the development of backward region and remote hilly areas. They need specific attention of the decision-makers to cater the rapidly, growing population that has created pressure on shrinking natural resources. It is need of the time to prepare development plans considering the optimal use of resources and its sustainability. Despite remarkable advances in agriculture technology, there is prevalence use of conventional methods of cultivation in the various regions. Either it was because of inadequate resources, undulating terrain, or irascible area. The degradation of natural resources was mainly due to the lack of technological and appropriate methodologies to address these issues. Soil degradation and lack of irrigation facility are the primary aspects liable for poor agricultural growth and productivity. Integrated watershed management approach can effectively resolve the issues of natural resource management, livelihood, food security, and environmental issues. In this study, geoinformatics has been used as tools for the resource prioritization, gap analysis, and development planning of the Bal Ganga watershed. This study is an attempt to check the applicability of geoinformatics techniques in the development planning process and resource optimization. Survey of India topographic sheets has been used to digitalize contours and prepare digital elevation model that was used for the physiographic analysis in the ArcGIS software. The watershed is assumed as a hydrologic unit which controls the ecological processes, such as soil and water resources. Bal Ganga Basin has the potential for higher agriculture growth with the optimal use of resources. The watershed is situated in the Lesser Himalayas; there is eminence effect of physiographic control on the land use practices. Thematic layers such as slope condition, aspect, types of soil, and soil depth are the essential parameters that affect crops growth were prepared in the GIS environment and prioritized for the development planning. These independent variables are prepared using ArcGIS 9.3, and land use capability was delineated for the suitable area of cultivation. Demographic data of the villages and socioeconomic variables has been attached, and level of development has been analyzed. As per the analysis of potential resource region, cultivation zone has been identified for comprehensive land use planning.

Keywords

Geoinformatics Integrated watershed development Land degradation Resource region Uttarakhand 

Notes

Acknowledgment

I would like to thank the District Administration, Tehri Garhwal, for their kind support during the field visits and providing the required data. The author also acknowledges the USGS for the SRTM DEM and Landsat L8 satellite images were downloaded from https://earthexplorer.usgs.gov/.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for the Study of Regional Development, School of Social SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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