Sclera/Ciliary Body/Anterior Segment

  • Abdulrahman H. Algaeed
  • Igor KozakEmail author


Ophthalmic ultrasonography can be successfully applied for imaging of the structures of the anterior segment such as the conjunctiva and sclera, the iris, and the ciliary body, providing high-resolution imaging of ocular structures anterior to the pars plana. The most commonly used technique is ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) sector scan, using high-frequency (50 MHz) probes to provide reproducible cross-sectional images. The prerequisite for UBM imaging as a contact technique is application of a coupling medium for image resolution enhancement. The image resolution may thus vary from 40 to 70 microns and requires an experienced examiner. The angular field of view is somewhat limited to standard B-scan [1–4].


Ophthalmic ultrasound B-scan Ultrasound biomicroscopy Sclera Ciliary body Anterior segment 


  1. 1.
    Pavlin CJ, Sherar MD, Foster FS. Surface ultrasound microscopic imaging of the intact eye. Ophthalmology. 1990;97:244–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pavlin CJ, Harasiewicz K, Sherar MD, Foster FS. Clinical use of ultrasound biomicroscopy. Ophthalmology. 1991;98:287–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Deschenes J, Mansour M, Rudzinski M. Ultrasound and ultrasound biomicroscopy as a diagnostic tool. Dev Ophthalmol. 1999;31:14–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    American Academy of Ophthalmology. Glaucoma: ultrasound biomicroscopy. Practicing ophthalmologists learning system, 2017–2019. San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology. p. 2017.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ishikawa H, Liebmann JM, Ritch R. Quantitative assessment of the anterior segment using ultrasound biomicroscopy. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2000;11:133–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dada T, Gadia R, Sharma A, Ichhpujani P, Bali SJ, Bhartiya S, Panda A. Ultrasound biomicroscopy in glaucoma. Surv Ophthalmol. 2011;56:433–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Siak J, Mahendradas P, Chee SP. Multimodal imaging in anterior uveitis. Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2017;25:434–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bianciotto C, Shields CL, Guzman JM, Romanelli-Gobbi M, Mazzuca D, Green WR, Shields JA. Assessment of anterior segment tumors with ultrasound biomicroscopy versus anterior segment optical coherence tomography in 200 cases. Ophthalmology. 2011;118:1297–302.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic ImagingKing Khaled Eye Specialist HospitalRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Moorfields Eye HospitalsAbu DhabiUAE

Personalised recommendations