Stormwater Runoff Treatment Filtration System and Backwashing System

  • J. H. LeeEmail author
  • M. J. Lee
  • S. H. Yang
Conference paper
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)


This study has been carried out to evaluate the applicability of the pilot scale the hybrid type of stormwater runoff treatment systems (SFS) for treatment of combined sewer overflow. And, to determine the optimum operation parameter such as coagulation dosage concentration, effectiveness of coagulant usage, surface loading rate and backwashing conditions. The SFS system is consisted of hydrocyclone coagulation/flocculation with polyaluminium chloride silicate (PACS) and upflow filter to treat combined sewer overflows. There are two modes (without PACS use and with PACS use) of operation for STS system. In case of without coagulant use, the range of SS, turbidity removal efficiency were 72.0–86.6% (mean 80.0%), 30.9–71.1% (mean 49.3%), respectively. And, the recovery rate of filter was 79.2–83.6% (mean 81.2%) the rate of remained solid loading in filter media was 16.4–20.8% (mean 18.8%) after backwashing. In case of SFS run with coagulant use, The range of influent flowrate and surface overflow rate were 6.8–8.0 m3/day (mean 7.2 m3/day), 163.2–191.8 m3/m2/day (mean 172.4 m3/m2/day), respectively. The influent turbidity, SS concentrations were 59.0–90.7 NTU (mean 72.0 NTU), 194.0–320.0 mg/L (mean 246.7 mg/L), respectively. The range of PACS dosage concentration was 6.0–7.1 mg/L (mean 6.7 mg/L). The range of SS, turbidity removal efficiency were 84.9–98.2 (mean 91.4%), 70.7–96.3 (mean 84.0%), respectively. It was found that removal efficiency was enhanced with PACS dosage. The recovery rate of filter was 92.0–92.5% (mean 92.3%) the rate of remained solid loading in filter media was 6.1–8.2% (mean 7.2%) after backwashing. In case of coagulant use, the particle size of effluent is bigger than influent particle size. The results showed that STS with PACS use more effective than without PACS use in SS and turbidity removal efficiency and recovery rate of filter.


Stormwater Filtration Combined sewer overflow Backwashing Hydrocyclone 



This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (No. 2017R1D1A1B03033724).


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Civil, Environmental and Urban-Transportation EngineeringKorea National University of TransportationChungjuKorea

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