Location Modeling and Covering Metrics

  • Richard L. Church
  • Alan Murray
Part of the Advances in Spatial Science book series (ADVSPATIAL)


The field of location science is firmly rooted in several substantive developments, including the ground-breaking work of von Thunen (1826), Launhardt (1872), Weber (1909), Hotelling (1929), Hoover (1948, 1967), Christaller (1933), Lösch (1954), Weiszfeld (1937), Isard (1956), Moses (1958), Cooper (1963, 1964), Manne (1964), Hakimi (1964, 1965), Buffa et al. (1964) and Toregas et al. (1971). These authors may be considered founding fathers of location science, and they dealt with problems involving the competitive uses of land and land allocation, the location of industrial and communication facilities, the spatial arrangement of retail centers across a landscape, the location of competitors and competition through pricing, the layout of factory space, and the early use of computers in structuring and solving location problems. Since these early contributions, the field has expanded into new areas of application, new theoretical models, specialized solution approaches, and conceptual/technical forms of modeling location decisions and representing the spatial domain within Geographical Information Systems (GIS). Finally, as the field of location science has matured so too have the applications in both the public and private sectors.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard L. Church
    • 1
  • Alan Murray
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA

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