Ecology and Environmental Aspects of “Makmalzoloto” Gold Mining Area in Kyrgyzstan

  • Nazgül Imanberdieva
  • Nazima Chukunkyzy
  • Zeki Severoğlu
  • Zheenbek Kulenbekov


This investigation enlightens the original data on the ecological situation of Makmal Valley and neighboring villages Makmal and Chetbulak Toguz-Toro in “Makmalzoloto” gold mining area in Kyrgyzstan. The study was undertaken to put forward the possibilities for preservation of rich biodiversity and ecological state in these villages. The area is under pressure from the activities of gold extraction. Even today environmental pollution and high levels of radiation are observed. The extraction activity has seriously damaged and produced a negative impact on pastures, livestock, as well as biodiversity in this region. The dosimetric studies have revealed that in the village Chetbulak, radiation levels lie around 38–40 mcR/h. Since the first extraction from the plant, the tailing pond is lying in the open with no protection or warning signs. The cattle grazes in the area openly all year-round; children lead the cattle herds and play freely around the tailing pond.


Gold mine Plants Heavy metals Kyrgyzstan 



Common-use channel


Gold recovery factory


Heat and power plant


Maximum allowable emission


Sanitation and epidemiological station


Construction Norms and Rules


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nazgül Imanberdieva
    • 1
  • Nazima Chukunkyzy
    • 2
  • Zeki Severoğlu
    • 1
    • 3
  • Zheenbek Kulenbekov
    • 4
  1. 1.Biology DepartmentKyrgyzstan-Turkiye Manas UniversityBishkekKyrgyzstan
  2. 2.Kyrgyz State UniversityBishkekKyrgyzstan
  3. 3.Biology Department, Faculty of Science and ArtsMarmara UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  4. 4.American University of Central AsiaBishkekKyrgyzstan

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