Constructed Wetlands Case Studies for the Treatment of Water Polluted with Fuel and Oil Hydrocarbons

  • Alexandros I. StefanakisEmail author


The green technology of constructed wetlands is considered a sustainable option for wastewater treatment worldwide. While such systems have been extensively applied for domestic and municipal wastewaters across the world, the challenge today is the effective application of wetland designs for the various industrial wastewaters. Among them, the petrochemical industry and the oil and gas sector appear as the most challenging fields due to the complex composition and the pollutant variety, mainly the various hydrocarbon compounds, such as fuel additives (MTBE), gasoline contaminants (BTEX), phenolics, and oil hydrocarbons produced during oil extraction. This chapter presents an overview of two characteristic international case studies from different parts of the world, where both research and full-scale implementation of innovative constructed wetland designs have been adopted to provide a sustainable solution to pressing and extensive environmental contamination.


Natural treatment systems Constructed wetlands Industrial wastewater Fuel hydrocarbons Benzene MTBE Phenols Fuel additives Oil and gas 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bauer Resources GmbHSchrobenhausenGermany
  2. 2.Bauer Nimr LLCMuscatSultanate of Oman
  3. 3.Department of EngineeringGerman University of Technology in Oman (GUtech)HalbanSultanate of Oman

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