Advertisement

Application of Nano-phytoremediation Technology for Soil Polluted with Pesticide Residues and Heavy Metals

  • K. Jesitha
  • P. S. Harikumar
Chapter

Abstract

Nanoremediation technology holds enormous potential for the cleanup of hazardous pollutants. Here we report a study on the combined use of nano- and phytotechnology for the removal of chlorinated pesticides and heavy metals. The decomposition of endosulfan in the soil samples by nanophytoremediation was confirmed by gas chromatography followed by mass spectrometry. Of the different plants used in the presence of zero-valent iron nanoparticles (nZVI), A.calcarata was determined to have the best efficiency of removal and also found that the efficiency decreased in the order A. calcarata > O. sanctum > C. citratus. The nZVI endosulfan degradation mechanism appears to involve hydrogenolysis and sequential dehalogenation, which was confirmed by GC-MS analysis. Experiments were also conducted for the removal of Pb and Cd using Tradescantia spathacea (boat lily) and Alternanthera dentate. The analysis of heavy metals by ICP indicated that the plants with nZVI particles accumulated 73.7% Pb and 71.3% Cd.

Keywords

Phytotechnology Nano-phytoremediation Pesticides Heavy metals Environmental cleanup 

References

  1. 1.
    Campos VM, Merino I, Casado R, PaciosLF GL (2008) Phytoremediation of organic pollutants. Spanish J Agric Res 6:38–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Frazar C (2000) The bioremediation and phytoremediation of pesticide-contaminated sites. Prepared for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response, Technology Innovation Office, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Harikumar PS, Jesitha K (2016) Nano-phytotechnological remediation of endosulphan using zero valent iron nanoparticles. J Environ Prot 7:734–744CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
  5. 5.
    Adeleye AS, Keller AA, Miller RJ, Lenihan HS (2013) Persistence of commercial nanoscaled zerovalent iron (nZVI) and By-Products. J Nano Res 15:1401–1418. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11051-013-1418-7
  6. 6.
    Bootharaju MS, Pradeep T (2012) Understanding the degradation pathway of the pesticide, Chlorpyrifos by noble metal nanoparticles. Langmuir 28: 2671–2679. https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la2050515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhao J (2009) Turning to nanotechnology for pollution control: applications of nanoparticles. Dartmouth Undergr J SciGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dayan H, Abrajano T, Sturchio NC, Winsor L (1999) Carbon isotopic fractionation during reductive dehalogenation of chlorinated ethenes by metallic iron. Org Geochem 30:755–763CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Muller NC, Nowack B (2010) Nano zero valent iron – the solution for water and soil remediation. Observatory NANO focus report 2010. EMPA, DübendorfGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Nair AS, Tom RT, Pradeep T (2003) Detection and extraction of endosulphan by metal nanoparticles. J Environ Monit 5:363–365. https://doi.org/10.1039/B300107ECrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Poursaberi T, Konoz E, Mohsen Sarrafi AH, Hassanisadi M, Hajifathli F (2012) Application of nanoscale zero-valent iron in the remediation of DDT from contaminated water. Chemical Science Transactions 1(3):658–668CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rahmani AR, Ghaffari HR, Samadi MT (2011) A comparative study on Arsenic (III) removal from aqueous solution using nano and micro sized zerovalent iron. Iran J Environ Health Sci Eng 8(2):175–180Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Li X, Elliott DW, Zhang W (2006) Zero-valent iron nanoparticles for abatement of environmental pollutants: materials and engineering aspects. Crit Rev Solid State Mater Sci 31:111–122. https://doi.org/10.1080/10408430601057611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Madhavi V, Prasad TNVKV, Madhavi G (2013) Synthesis and spectral characterization of iron based micro and nanoparticles. Int J Nanomater Biostruct 3(2):31–34 ISSN 2277-3851Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Harikumar PS, Jesitha K, Sreechithra M (2013) Remediation of endosulphan by biotic and abiotic methods. J Environ Prot 4:418–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sun YP, Li XQ, Cao J, Zhang WX, Wang HP (2006) Characterization of zero-valent iron nanoparticles.Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 120:47–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tratnyek PG, Johnson RL (2006) Nanotechnologies for environmental cleanup, Nanotoday 1(2):44–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Vodyanitskii N, Mineev VG, Shoba SA (2014) Role of zero-valent iron in the degradation of organochlorine substances in ground water. Moscow Univ Soil Sci Bull 69(4):175–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shi Z, Fan B, Johnson RL, Tratnyek PG, Nurmi JT, Wu Y, Williams KH (2015) Methods for characterizing the fate and effects of nano zerovalent iron during groundwater remediation. J Contam Hydrol 181:17–35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2015.03.004CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Noubactep Chicgoua (2012) Investigating the Processes of Contaminant Removal in Fe0/H2O Systems. Kor J Chem Eng 29:1050–1056Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Agarwal A, Joshi H (2010) Application of nanotechnology in the remediation of contaminated groundwater: a short review. Recent Res Sci Technol 2(6):51–57Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Aginhotri P, Mahidrakar AB, Gautam SK (2011) Complete dechlorination of endosulphan and lindane using Mg0/Pd(+4) bimetallic system. Water Environ Res 83(9):865–873CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Giasuddin ABM, Kanel SR, Choi H (2007) Adsorption of humic acid onto nanoscale zerovalent iron and its effect on arsenic removal. Environ Sci Technol 41(6):2022–2027CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Prabu D, Parthiban R (2013) Synthesis and characterization of nanoscale zero valent iron (NZVI). Nanoparticles for environmental remediation. Asian J Pharm Tech 3(4):181–184Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Senila M, Levei E, Miclean M, Senila L, Steganescu L, Marginean S, Alexandru O, Cecilia R (2011) Influence of pollution level on heavy metals mobility in soil from NW Romania. Environ Eng Manag J 10:59–64. https://dx.doi.org/10.30638/eemj.2011.009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zhuang X, Chen J, Shim H, Bai Z (2007) New advances in plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria for bioremediation. Int J Environ Sci Technol 12:353–366Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Blaylock MJ, Salt DE, Dushenkov S, Zakharova O, Gussman C (1997) Enhanced accumulation of Pb in Indian mustard by soil-applied chelating agents. Environ Sci Technol 31:860–865CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Mellem JJ, Baijnath H, Odhav B (2009) Translocation and accumulation of Cr, Hg, As, Pb, Cu and Ni by Amaranthus dubius (Amaranthaceae) from contaminated sites. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 44(6):568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Adesodun JK, Atayese MO, Agbaje TA, Osadiaye BA, Mafe OF, Soretire AA (2010) Phytoremediation potentials of sunflowers (Tithonia diversifolia and Helianthus annuus) for metals in soils contaminated with zinc and lead nitrates. Water Air Soil Pollut 207:195–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Padmavathiamma PK, Li LY (2007) Phytoremediation technology: hyperaccumulation of metals in plants. Water Air Soil Pollut 184:105–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Fitz WJ, Wenzel WW (2002) Arsenic transformation in the soil–rhizosphere– plant system: fundamentals and potential application of phytoremediation. J Biotechnol 99:259–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Sinha RK, Herat S, Tandon PK (2004) Phytoremediation: role of plants in contaminated site management. In: Environmental bioremediation technologies. Springer, Berlin, pp 315–330Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Smical AI, Hotea V, Oros V, Juhasz J, Pop E (2008) Studies on transfer and bioaccumulation of heavy metals from soil into lettuce. Environ Eng Manag J 7(5):609–615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Mejare M, Bulow L (2001) Improving stress tolerance in plants by gene transfer. Trends Biotechnol 19(2):67–73 461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Memon AR, Schroder P (2009) Implications of metal accumulation mechanisms to phytoremediation. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 16(2):162–175. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-008-0079-zCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Mijovilovich A, Leitenmaier B, Meyer-Klaucke W, Kroneck PMH, Götz B, Kupper H (2009) Complexation and toxicity of copper in higher plants. II. different mechanisms for copper versus cadmium detoxification in the copper-sensitive cadmium/zinc hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens (Ganges ecotype). Plant Physiol 151(2):715–731.  https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.109.144675CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SreeSankara CollegeErnakulamIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Water Resources Development and ManagementKozhikodeIndia

Personalised recommendations