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Emerging Nanotechnology for Third Generation Photovoltaic Cells

  • Biju Mani Rajbongshi
  • Anil VermaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Nanotechnology for solar energy harvesting is attracting significant attention for its drastic improvement in performance. Recent innovation in the material and device structure for the photovoltaic solar cell improves the efficiency, cost and stability. Various approaches have been envisioned to enhance the efficiency. Nanotechnology includes engineering in some fundamental properties, structure of the nanomaterial and the devices architecture. Engineering the fundament properties of the nanomaterial can enhance the photon harvesting as well as the inherent recombination. The basic approaches in nanotechnology, intermediate band and multiple exciton generation can give the promise to enhance the power conversion efficiency in third generation photovoltaic cell. In recent years new and improved device architecture has been coupled with engineered nanomaterial showing better efficiency which can be compared with conventional silicon solar cell. Recently, multi-junction (38.9%, four junctions) and perovskite solar cell (22.7%) are showing notable device efficiency. New generation of photovoltaic technologies reduces the material amount which consequently reduces the material cost and the fabrication cost making the system economically feasible. Future research needs to focus on the development of new and green material for photovoltaic cell with minimal fabrication cost. To make the photovoltaic materials and system environment friendly, use of bio-based materials could be the promising future approach.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sustainable Environergy Research Lab (SERL), Department of Chemical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology DelhiDelhiIndia

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