Nanotechnology in Renewable Energy: Critical Reviews for Wind Energy

  • W. K. Muzammil
  • Md. Mizanur RahmanEmail author
  • A. Fazlizan
  • M. A. Ismail
  • H. K. Phang
  • M. A. Elias


Wind energy is recognised as a potential source for free, clean and inexhaustible energy. Therefore, the diffusion of wind energy technology in the power sector has been growing steadily in the past few decades due to the rising concern in global energy issues. Wind power machines, or commonly known as wind turbines, are still further developing over the years to increase its performance in term of efficiency, cost-effectiveness and reliability in wind energy and wind power application. However, there are challenges in the recent developments and technology trends particularly on introducing Nano technology on wind turbine blade design, offshore deployment and operation. This chapter provides fundamental knowledge of wind turbines operation and the implementation of Nano technology on the design aspects of turbine blades with some factors that could affect the performance of wind turbines. Furthermore, the environmental issues that are affecting the performance of wind turbines are also discussed. The details of this chapter cover the challenges of wind turbine design, followed by the principle of wind turbine design and the environmental issues that affect the aerodynamic efficiency of wind turbines.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. K. Muzammil
    • 1
  • Md. Mizanur Rahman
    • 2
    Email author
  • A. Fazlizan
    • 3
  • M. A. Ismail
    • 1
  • H. K. Phang
    • 2
  • M. A. Elias
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering, Material and Mineral Research Unit (MMRU)Universiti MalaysiaKota KinabaluMalaysia
  2. 2.Faculty of Engineering, Energy Research Unit (ERU)Universiti MalaysiaKota KinabaluMalaysia
  3. 3.Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI)Universiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaBangiMalaysia

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