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Nano TiO2 for Biomedical Applications

  • Khairul Arifah Saharudin
  • Srimala SreekantanEmail author
  • Rabiatul Basria S. M. N. Mydin
  • Siti Nor Qurratu Aini Abd Aziz
  • G. Ambarasan Govindasamy
Chapter

Abstract

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) has been prepared and widely used for many years. Owing to its unique photocatalytic properties, excellent strength and biocompatibility, high chemical stability, and low toxicity, TiO2 has been extensively used in biomedical applications. Advances in nanoscale science suggest that some of the current problems of life science could be resolved or greatly improved via utilization of TiO2. This chapter illustrated a critical review of current achievement of nano TiO2 in the biomedical field. This includes special insight into the role of nanostructured TiO2 as an implants material, drug delivery systems and antimicrobial agent in device related infections (DRI). The synthesis-characterization-properties-performance relationships of TiO2 in the respected application is emphasized in this chapter. The latest challenges and new directions for future research in this emerging frontier are also elaborated.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to the Ministry of Education (MOE) Malaysia for funding this work under Transdisciplinary Research Grant Scheme (TRGS) grant no. 6769002. The authors are very much grateful to Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) for providing the necessary facilities to carry out the research work and financial support under Research University (RU) grant no. 814281.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khairul Arifah Saharudin
    • 1
  • Srimala Sreekantan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rabiatul Basria S. M. N. Mydin
    • 2
  • Siti Nor Qurratu Aini Abd Aziz
    • 1
  • G. Ambarasan Govindasamy
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Materials & Mineral Resources Engineering, Engineering CampusUniversiti Sains MalaysiaNibong TebalMalaysia
  2. 2.Oncological and Radiological Sciences Cluster, Advanced Medical and Dental InstituteUniversiti Sains MalaysiaKepala BatasMalaysia

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