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Preserving Domestic Autonomy: Weak Migration Laws and the Mercosur Strategy of Limited Integration

  • Gabriel CepaluniEmail author
  • Karina L. Pasquariello Mariano
  • Marcelo Passini Mariano
Chapter

Abstract

The partnership between Argentina and Brazil has been crucial for South America since the mid-1980s. Seeking to overcome the economic crises inherited from military regimes and reinsert themselves into international forums are central issues for both countries. In 1991, the Constitution of Mercosur extended the integration project to incorporate Paraguay and Uruguay. Until the end of the twentieth century, Mercosur wanted to coordinate the economies of its members with the primary goal of taking full advantage of international trade flows. However, from the beginning of the twenty-first century, Brazil began to focus on expanding its own interests in order to consolidate its leadership in South America. Regional cooperation and development included new themes, such as economic and social asymmetries, financing of South American infrastructure, and defense cooperation. The migratory issue was not a central topic until recently. However, with the economic crises in Argentina, Brazil, and Venezuela (the leading economies of the region), immigration has acquired new momentum. This new dynamic has come about because these countries have lost their economic ability to assimilate large numbers of immigrants.

Keywords

Mercosur Economic integration Development policy Migration policy Argentina Brazil Uruguay and Paraguay 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriel Cepaluni
    • 1
    Email author
  • Karina L. Pasquariello Mariano
    • 1
  • Marcelo Passini Mariano
    • 1
  1. 1.São Paulo State UniversitySão PauloBrazil

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