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Connection Between the Temporomandibular Joint and Temporal Bone

  • Kaan Orhan
  • Franciszek Burdan
Chapter

Abstract

The temporal bone is a key structure not only for the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and brain, but also for the ear, since it surrounds the internal, middle, and – partially – the external ear. Owing to their common origin and development, as well as nearby location, the temporal bone and TMJ may modify each other and share similar pathologies, including congenital malformations, traumatic and inflammatory changes, and neoplasms. Temporal air spaces are potential paths for the spread of various pathological processes. Tumors of the mastoid process and ear may extend into the TMJ, while otitis or mastoiditis may involve the TMJ and can even result in ankylosis. Moreover, fractures of the base of the skull frequently extend through the pneumatized spaces of the temporal bone and may release air into the glenoid fossa. In this chapter, we aim to show the possible connections between the TMJ and temporal bone.

Keywords

TMJ Temporal bone Magnetic resonance imaging Tumors Infections 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaan Orhan
    • 1
  • Franciszek Burdan
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Dentomaxillofacial RadiologyAnkara University, Faculty of DentistryAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Department of RadiologySt. John’s Cancer CentreLublinPoland
  3. 3.Department of Human AnatomyMedical University of LublinLublinPoland

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