Ionospheric Storm Morphology

  • Ljiljana R. CanderEmail author
Part of the Springer Geophysics book series (SPRINGERGEOPHYS)


Covers the characteristics of the most significant ionospheric storms generated by space weather events and/or variable solar conditions during the last three Solar Cycles (SC 22-24). The origins of storm morphology are discussed using ionosonde measurements and GNSS observations.


Ionospheric storm Geomagnetic storms Positive phase Negative phase Superstorm 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.RAL Space, Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL)DidcotUK

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