Creativity as a Dynamic, Personal, Parsimonious Process

  • Mark A. Runco
Part of the Creativity Theory and Action in Education book series (CTAE, volume 4)


This entire volume is intended to challenge static conceptions of creative action and thought. The present chapter introduces a particular dynamic definition of creativity. It also explores applications of that definition, primarily for education. The definition detailed herein is only one of several, as is evidenced by the other chapters in this same volume, and it may be that there is overlap. There may also be disagreement, the exploration of which will no doubt lead to further refinements and advance in our understanding of creativity. For obvious reasons the present chapter begins with a brief summary of previous definitions of creativity. The new dynamic definition will make the most sense after this summary (also see Corazza, GE. Creativity Research Journal, 28:258–267 (2016)).


Personal creativity Standard definition of creativity Top-down processing Bottom-up processing Interpretation Discretion Intentions Assimilation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark A. Runco
    • 1
  1. 1.American Institute for Behavioral Research and TechnologyVistaUSA

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