Pain pp 33-36 | Cite as

Experimental Models

  • Tom Mahakian
  • Mark R. Jones
  • Alan David KayeEmail author


This chapter presents the major types of experimental models of pain in animals and humans by outcome measures and methods of insult, as well as the role of computer models in modern research.


Experimental models Animal studies Human studies Computer models 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tom Mahakian
    • 1
  • Mark R. Jones
    • 2
  • Alan David Kaye
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyWest Hospital, Virginai Commonwealth University School of MedicineRichmondUSA
  2. 2.Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain MedicineBeth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of AnesthesiaLSUHSC New OrleansNew OrleansUSA

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