Pain pp 357-359 | Cite as

Expectations, Coping, Cultural and Environmental Factors

  • Alaa Abd-ElsayedEmail author
  • Ravi Grandhi
  • John P. Lawrence


Ethnicity and culture play a very important role in how patients are being treated for their chronic pain conditions. They impact the experience of pain, the threshold to complain, and the decisions by health care providers to treat.


Psychological Ethnicity Cultural Aspects Pain 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alaa Abd-Elsayed
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ravi Grandhi
    • 2
  • John P. Lawrence
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyMaimonides Medical CenterBrooklynUSA
  3. 3.Department of AnesthesiologyAllegheny Health NetworkPittsburghUSA

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