Pain pp 349-352 | Cite as

Individual Differences in Affective, Cognitive and Behavioral Components of Pain

  • Anureet WaliaEmail author
  • Katherine Hadlandsmyth
  • Rahul Rastogi


Chronic pain adversely affects individuals’ physical as well as emotional well-being. Despite the recent advances in the treatment of pain, the cure of pain remains ambiguous. The extent of improvement in emotional, physical, and social functioning is often below satisfaction. A cognitive-behavioral model has been proposed to explain the role of cognitive appraisal variables in mediating the development of emotional distress following chronic pain. Physical and psychosocial disability in patients with chronic pain has been shown to be associated with patients’ pain-related beliefs, tendency to catastrophize, and use of coping strategies.


Chronic pain Bio-psycho-social Catastrophizing Cognitive-behavioral 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anureet Walia
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Katherine Hadlandsmyth
    • 1
  • Rahul Rastogi
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Pain Medicine, Department of AnesthesiaUniversity of Iowa, Carver College of MedicineIowa CityUSA
  2. 2.Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Iowa, Carver College of MedicineIowa CityUSA

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