Pain pp 329-333 | Cite as

Vitamins and Supplements

  • Ray Kennedy
  • Alaa Abd-ElsayedEmail author


Nutraceuticals are a widely used alternatives to traditional medications for patients with diagnoses ranging from hypertension to chronic pain. However, the lack of research behind these dietary supplements, in addition to the side effects, higher than recommended dosages and variability in effect allow for some uncertainty in changing the standard of care and abandoning current medications for these natural remedies.


Nutraceutical Herbal remedy Holistic Vitamin Dietary supplement Chronic pain Anticoagulation Bleeding 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA

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