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Pain pp 307-309 | Cite as

Agonist/Antagonist Agents

  • Cory SarverEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Mixed opioid agonist/antagonists are a diverse group of medications that have effects on multiple types of opioid receptors. These effects give this group unique properties and have led to them being used for the treatment of pain as well as other indications such as treatment of opioid-induced pruritus and management of opioid addiction.

Keywords

Opioid agonist/antagonist Kappa agonist Partial agonist 

References

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    Yaksh TL, Wallace MS. Opioids, analgesia, and pain management. In: Brunton LL, Chabner BA, Knollmann BC, editors. Goodman & Gilman’s: the pharmacological basis of therapeutics. 12th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
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    Charuluxananan S, Oranuch K, Ketchada U, Siriprapa S, Thipawan R. Optimal dose of nalbuphine for treatment of intrathecal-morphine induced pruritus after caesarean section. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 1999;25(3):209–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UW Health – Department of PharmacyMadisonUSA

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