Pain pp 219-222 | Cite as


  • Ezekiel FinkEmail author


The use of fluoroscopy improves the accuracy of common pain procedures but there is a risk of radiation injury to patients and staff when using fluoroscopy. The purpose of this chapter is to review the principles of radiation safety.


Radiation Radiation dose Scatter Biological effects 


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    Knovel website. National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. Radiation dose management for fluoroscopically-guided interventional medical procedures (NCRP report no. 168). Published 2011. Accessed 23 May 2016.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Houston Methodist HospitalHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyUCLA/David Geffen School of MedicineLos AngelesUSA

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