Pain pp 115-117 | Cite as

Use of Data from Epidemiologic Studies of Pain

  • Aaron S. HessEmail author
  • Alaa Abd-Elsayed


Epidemiologic studies of pain are often dependent on subjective survey- or questionnaire-based data. Many well-validated methods to assess pain and associated symptoms exist, but they are not validated for all populations. Some subjective differences reflect biology, such as in gender differences in pain.


Epidemiology Validity Coding ICD-9 ICD-10 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA

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