Pain pp 113-114 | Cite as

Placebo, Nocebo and Pain

  • Alaa Abd-Elsayed


Placebo and nocebo effects are two phenomena that play an important role in clinical research and can significantly impact the outcomes of clinical research which in turn can impact clinical care for our patients.


Nocebo Placebo Clinical research 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alaa Abd-Elsayed
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA

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