Pain pp 1193-1196 | Cite as

Limitations of Education, Training and Knowledge of Pain and Its Treatment

  • Reda TolbaEmail author
  • Ehab Meselhy
  • Islaam Hassan Elnagar


Pain is a ubiquitous clinical problem. Surprisingly, many healthcare providers who treat pain have inadequate knowledge or training to address it properly. This is reflective of an inadequate education and training system. Fortunately, there are several steps that can be readily taken to improve the state of care.


Pain management Education Training Knowledge Treatment 


  1. 1.
    Lippe PM, Brock C, David J, Crossno R, Gitlow S. The First National Pain Medicine Summit—final summary report. Pain Med (Malden, Mass). 2010;11(10):1447–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Institute of Medicine Committee on Advancing Pain Research Education. The National Academies Collection: Reports funded by National Institutes of Health. Relieving pain in America: a blueprint for transforming prevention, care, education, and research. Washington, DC: National Academies Press (US). National Academy of Sciences; 2011. Available at
  3. 3.
    Ljungqvist O, Scott M, Fearon KC. Enhanced recovery after surgery: a review. JAMA Surg. 2017;152(3):292–8.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mackey S. National Pain Strategy Task Force: the strategic plan for the IOM Pain Report. Pain Med (Malden, Mass). 2014;15(7):1070–1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reda Tolba
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ehab Meselhy
    • 2
  • Islaam Hassan Elnagar
    • 3
  1. 1.Anesthesiology Department, Pain Management DivisionWake Forest University Medical CenterWinston-SalemUSA
  2. 2.Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Management and Perioperative MedicineHenry Ford Health SystemDetroitUSA
  3. 3.Anethesiology DepartmentCleveland Clinic FoundationClevelandUSA

Personalised recommendations