Pain pp 101-104 | Cite as

Ethics of Animal Experimentation

  • Elyse M. Cornett
  • Mark R. Jones
  • Alan David KayeEmail author


Animal research is important to the advancement of science and medicine. Countless lives have been saved or enhanced as a result of advances directly attributable to animal research. Despite these profound contributions, animal research continues to be controversial throughout the world. Modern technology has propelled many to argue that animal experimentation is no longer necessary. However, animal research still fulfills an important role in medicine today; the demise of animal research would impede the continued progression future of science and medicine.


Ethics Animal research Animal experiment Research design Research study 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elyse M. Cornett
    • 1
  • Mark R. Jones
    • 2
  • Alan David Kaye
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyLSUHSC–ShreveportShreveportUSA
  2. 2.Department of Anesthesiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of AnesthesiologyLSUHSC–New OrleansNew OrleansUSA

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