Pain pp 1109-1111 | Cite as

Pain in Infants, Children, and Adolescents

  • Emad S. Attallah-Wasif


Pain in children is commonly undertreated. Assessment can be challenging in younger age groups. Multimodal approach to pediatric pain management leads to the best outcomes. These include medical management, psychological interventions and physical therapy. Interventional and neurosurgical modalities should be reserved to resistant cases.


Pain Infants Children Adolescents Pain assessment scales Medications Psychological Behavioral Physical therapy Interventions Neurosurgical procedures Sickle cell crisis Cystic fibrosis Cancer Developmental disabilities 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emad S. Attallah-Wasif
    • 1
  1. 1.Oklahoma Chronic Pain SpecialistsTulsaUSA

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