Pain pp 1065-1067 | Cite as

Psychosocial Factors as the Main Determinant of Disability

  • Alexander F. BautistaEmail author
  • Alaa Abd-Elsayed
  • George C. Chang Chien


Pain and suffering are the most common reasons people apply for disability benefits. Oftentimes, in the evaluation of chronic pain, clinical information solely is insufficient to predict symptoms and psychosocial factors need to be considered. This chapter discusses a multitude of psychosocial factors that have been associated with disability.


Disability Psychosocial factors Mental health Somatization Health beliefs 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander F. Bautista
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alaa Abd-Elsayed
    • 2
  • George C. Chang Chien
    • 3
  1. 1.University of Oklahoma, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain MedicineOklahoma CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of Anesthesiology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA
  3. 3.Pain Management, Ventura County Medical CenterVenturaUSA

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