Pain pp 1061-1063 | Cite as

Importance of Early Intervention and Early Return to Work in Reducing Absence

  • Aditya Raghunandan
  • George C. Chang ChienEmail author


Disability is a significant public health problem in the United States with dynamic and complex factors. A holistic approach should be taken towards early intervention and early return to work in order to reduce absence with the goals of maximizing physical, mental, social and economic function in these individuals


Vocational rehabilitation Disability Early intervention Early return to work 


  1. 1.
    Waddell G, Burton AK, Kendall NAS. Vocational rehabilitation: what works for whom and when? report for the vocational rehabilitation task group. London: TSO; 2008.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Guzmán J, Esmail R, Karjalainen K. Multidisciplinary bio-psycho-social rehabilitation for chronic low back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2002; (1): Art. No.: CD000963.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hlobil H, Bart Staal J, Spoelstra M, Ariëns GAM, Smid T, van Mechelen W. Effectiveness of a return-to-work intervention for subacute low-back pain. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2005;31(4):249–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Franche RL, Cullen K, Clarke J, et al. J Occup Rehabil. 2005;15:607. Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Krause N, Dasinger LK, Neuhauser F. Modified work and return to work: a review of the literature. J Occup Rehabil. 1998;8(2):113–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    MacEachen E. Systematic review of the qualitative literature on return to work after injury. Scand J Work Environ Health. 2006;32:257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Social Security Administration. 2011 red book: a summary guide to employment supports for persons with disabilities under the social security disability insurance and supplemental security income programs. Pub. No. 64–030. Baltimore: SSA; 2011.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Icahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Ventura County Medical CenterVenturaUSA
  3. 3.GCC InstituteArcadiaUSA

Personalised recommendations