Pain pp 1031-1033 | Cite as

The Role of Patient and Family Education

  • Beth VanderWielenEmail author
  • Elizabeth Wilson


Educational programs to minimize acute postoperative pain are endorsed by the American Pain Society, the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, and the American Society of Anesthesiologists. The focus of educational curriculum is variable and both patient and situation specific but should address reasonable post-operative expectations, alleviate anxiety and provide specific instructions on chronic medication management prescribed for other co-morbidities. Continued focused efforts are needed to best delineate educational content and methods of teaching for optimal patient care.


Patient education Health literacy Preoperative assessment 


  1. 1.
    Chou R, Gordon D, de Leon-Casasola O, et al. Management of postoperative pain: a clinical practice guideline from the American Pain Society, the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, and the American Society of Anesthesiologists’ Committee on Regional Anesthesia, Executive Committee, and Administrative Council. J Pain. 2016;17(2):131–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    McDonald S, Page M, Beringer K, Wasiak J, Sprowson A. Preoperative education for hip or knee replacement. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014;5:1–66.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Louw A, Diener I, Butler D, Puentendura E. Preoperative education addressing postoperative pain in total joint arthroplasty: review of content and educational delivery methods. Physiother Theory Pract. 2013;29(3):175–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shoemaker S, Wolf M, Brach C. Development of the Patient Educational Materials Assessment Tool (PEMAT): a new measure of understandability and actionability for print and audiovisual patient information. Patient Educ Couns. 2014;96:395–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Oshodi T. The impact of preoperative education on postoperative pain: part 2. Br J Nurs. 2007;16(13):790–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lemay C, Lewis C, Singh J, Franklin P. Receipt of pain management information preoperatively is associated with improved functional gain after elective total join arthroplasty. J Arthroplast. 2017;32:1763–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA

Personalised recommendations