Pain pp 969-971 | Cite as

Psychological Approaches

  • Ritika Oberoi-Jassal
  • Jason Pope
  • Navdeep JassalEmail author


Psychological factors such as emotional distress, depression, anxiety, uncertainty of the future and fear of suffering affect pain and response to pain treatment. Evidence suggests that psychological and cognitive behavioral treatment can reduce pain. Effective methods include education (with coping skills training), hypnosis, cognitive behavioral approaches, relaxation with imagery and exercise.


Psychological Care Emotional Pain Total Pain 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ritika Oberoi-Jassal
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jason Pope
    • 3
  • Navdeep Jassal
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Moffitt Cancer CenterTampaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Oncologic Sciences College of MedicineUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA
  3. 3.Evolve Restorative CenterSanta RosaUSA
  4. 4.University of South FloridaTampaUSA
  5. 5.Physical Medicine and RehabilitationUniversity of Central FloridaTampaUSA

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