Pain pp 881-884 | Cite as

Intrathecal Drug Delivery

  • Timothy R. Deer
  • Mark N. Malinowski
  • Chong H. KimEmail author


Intrathecal drug delivery is a useful and effective treatment for a variety of painful conditions. Knowledge and understanding of the risks as well as the benefits of IDD treatment is crucial for successful patient care.


Intrathecal drug delivery Intrathecal opioids Intrathecal opiates Neuromodulation Refractory pain Intractable pain 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy R. Deer
    • 1
  • Mark N. Malinowski
    • 2
  • Chong H. Kim
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.West Virginia University School of Medicine Center for Pain Relief, Spine and Nerve Centers of the VirginiasCharlestonUSA
  2. 2.Adena Spine Center, Adena Regional Medical CenterChillicotheUSA
  3. 3.MetroHealth SystemCase Western Reserve University School of MedicineClevelandUSA

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