Pain pp 729-732 | Cite as

Sacroiliac Joint

  • Ken P. Ehrhardt
  • Mark R. Jones
  • Alan David KayeEmail author


Sacroiliac (SI) joint pain is a common but underdiagnosed cause of lower back pain. Pain referral patterns as well as therapeutic injections help diagnose SI joint dysfunction. Conservative measures are used to treat SI joint pain initially, with SI joint injections reserved for refractory pain and surgery only as a last resort for chronic, intractable pain.


Sacroiliac joint Pain referral patterns SI joint injection SI joint fusion 


  1. 1.
    Cohen SP. Sacroiliac joint pain: a comprehensive review of anatomy, diagnosis, and treatment. Anesth Analg. 2005;101(5):1440–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rashbaum RF, Ohnmeiss DD, Lindley EM, Kitchel SH, Patel VV. Sacroiliac joint pain and its treatment. Clin Spine Surg. 2016;29(2):42–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Murakami E, Aizawa T, Kurosawa D, Noguchi K. Leg symptoms associated with sacroiliac joint disorder and related pain. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2017;157:55–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hansen HC, McKenzie-Brown AM, Cohen SP, Swicegood JR, Colson JD, Manchikanti L. Sacroiliac joint interventions: a systematic review. Pain Physician. 2007;10(1):165–84.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Forst SL, Wheeler MT, Fortin JD, Vilensky JA. The sacroiliac joint: anatomy, physiology and clinical significance. Pain Physician. 2006;9(1):61–7.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ken P. Ehrhardt
    • 1
  • Mark R. Jones
    • 2
  • Alan David Kaye
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiaLSUHSCNew OrleansUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiologyBeth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of AnesthesiologyLSU Health Science CenterNew OrleansUSA

Personalised recommendations