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Physical and Biological Processes Controlling Soil C Dynamics

  • Pratap Srivastava
  • Rishikesh Singh
  • Rahul Bhadouria
  • Pardeep Singh
  • Sachchidanand Tripathi
  • Hema Singh
  • A. S. Raghubanshi
  • P. K. Mishra
Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Agriculture Reviews book series (SARV, volume 33)

Abstract

Globally, land use change and management have declined soil organic carbon (SOC), thus emitting more CO2 contributing to global warming. Here we review factors that control the fate of soil organic carbon. We found that dry tropical soils are considerably away from carbon saturation, and thus have the potential for high carbon sequestration, if managed properly. Integrated indicators have been set up, such as relative availability of inorganic nitrogen pools, carbon management index, macro-aggregate water stability and metabolic quotient. For example, the relative, rather than absolute, availability of inorganic nitrogen pools has been found associated with resource conservation mechanisms in soils.

Keywords

C accumulation Dry tropical ecosystems Organic amendments Relative availability Soil aggregates 

Notes

Acknowledgement

We are thankful to the book editors and reviewers for their constructive comments, which helped us in improving the chapter. Also, we acknowledge the financial support from DST-SERB (PDF/2016/003503) and University Grant Commission (UGC), New Delhi, India. PS and RS extend their thanks to Shikha Singh, Institute of Environment & Sustainable Development (IESD), Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, for helping in drafting the figures of this chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pratap Srivastava
    • 1
  • Rishikesh Singh
    • 2
  • Rahul Bhadouria
    • 1
    • 3
  • Pardeep Singh
    • 3
    • 6
  • Sachchidanand Tripathi
    • 4
    • 5
  • Hema Singh
    • 3
  • A. S. Raghubanshi
    • 2
  • P. K. Mishra
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Indian Institute of TechnologyBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  2. 2.Institute of Environment & Sustainable Development (IESD)Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  3. 3.Ecosystems Analysis Laboratory, Department of Botany, Institute of ScienceBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  4. 4.Department of Environmental StudiesPGDAV College, University of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  5. 5.Department of Botany, Deen Dayal Upadhyay CollegeUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  6. 6.Ecosystems Analysis Laboratory, Department of Environmental StudiesPGDAV College, University of DelhiNew DelhiIndia

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