Perarylation as a Strategy Toward Aggregation-Induced Emitters: Will They Ever Be Stable?



The periphery of most AIEgens is decorated with aryl substituents, which, according to the principle of restricted intramolecular motion, play a key role for fluorescence behavior of AIEgens. However, these peripheral aryl substituents create structural motifs, which undergo photoreactions (stilbenes, ortho-terphenyls, etc.). The sterically overcrowded molecules thus seek to relax their geometry by photoisomerization reactions, leading to energetically favored species. In this chapter, we will first give a brief overview of examples of perarylated AIE emitters vs. their non-AIE counterparts, then have a look at the photochemistry of stilbenes and ortho-terphenyls, dealing with their excited states and photochemistry, and discuss examples of photolabile AIEgens and the extent of their lability (hexaarylbutadienes, distyrylbenzene derivatives). Finally, we will have a look at strategies to stabilize these structural motifs, suppress the photocyclization, and look at the applicability to AIE active molecules.


Photochemistry Hexaarylbutadiene Distyrylbenzenes Perarylation Electrocyclization 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Organisch-Chemisches InstitutRuprecht-Karls-Universität HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.InnovationLabHeidelbergGermany
  3. 3.Centre for Advanced MaterialsRuprecht-Karls-Universität HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany

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