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Application of Novel Carbonaceous Materials as Support for Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts

  • Abha Bharti
  • Gouri Cheruvally
Chapter

Abstract

Low-temperature fuel cells are potential candidates in alternative energy industry due to their high energy efficiencies and near zero emissions. Typically, carbon supported Pt-based materials are used as electrocatalysts for anode and cathode reactions in low-temperature fuel cells. Carbon black (CB) is the most commonly employed support material for Pt-based electrocatalysts. However, CB materials suffer from significant drawbacks such as poor corrosion resistance and limited mass transport of fuels to active catalyst sites. As an alternative to conventional CB support materials, carbon structures such as graphene, ordered mesoporous carbon, and the so-called green carbon have been successfully used in recent years as supports for the dispersion of fuel cell catalyst nanoparticles. This chapter briefly describes the newly developed carbonaceous nanostructures and their applications in low-temperature fuel cells.

Keywords

Low-temperature fuel cells PEMFC DMFC Carbonaceous support materials Pt electrocatalysts Oxygen reduction reaction Methanol oxidation reaction Carbon black Graphene Ordered mesoporous carbon Green carbon Synthesis techniques Nanoparticles dispersion Hard template Soft template CVD Biomass Chemical reduction Surface functionalization Hybrid nanocomposites 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge Director, VSSC and Deputy Director, PCM, VSSC for granting permission to publish this work.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abha Bharti
    • 1
  • Gouri Cheruvally
    • 1
  1. 1.Propellants, Polymers, Chemicals and Materials EntityVikram Sarabhai Space CentreThiruvananthapuramIndia

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