Lessons from the Peruvian Highlands: Ways Forward and Wider Implications

  • Timothy James Bowyer


The purpose of this final chapter is to draw attention to some of the issues raised by this study and to identify ways in which things can be taken forward both with respect to rural Andean communities and in the application of findings to other situations and studies). In (1), human and social suffering is considered from three distinct perspectives: (a) the government (b) the powerless and (c) the effects of suffering and reparation and how they are understood. To counter the objectification of human and social suffering and promote greater analytical precision (2) looks at the need for new methodological concepts based around empathy and participation. In (3), the conclusions of the findings from this study are identified and briefly discussed and some of their wider implications cautiously explored.


government powerlessness suffering reparation empathy participation subjectivity objectivity reparation responsibility continuity context individuality coping post-traumatic growth 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy James Bowyer
    • 1
  1. 1.SwanseaUK

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