Setting the Scene: National and Local Perspectives

  • Timothy James Bowyer


This chapter introduces the reader to the idea that an understanding of the adverse effects of material disadvantage and the effects of insecurity, anxiety and lack of social integration will be critical to the success of any future intervention. The chapter begins with an assessment of the historical forces and social, economic, and political processes that shape risk and local reality. This is followed by a brief historical overview of the Shining Path movement. The chapter then examines evidence relating to the official response to the political violence, and to the insights provided by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. To counter the over-objectification of human suffering and reorganise our practical and theoretical ways of thinking about individual and social suffering, this chapter concludes with a discussion concerning the analytic tools needed to explore the situation as people perceive and cognitively construct it.


Labour exploitation Landowners Shining Path Truth and Reconciliation Commission Andes Forces Processes Reparations Suffering Subjectivity Trauma Poverty 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy James Bowyer
    • 1
  1. 1.SwanseaUK

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