Imaging of Mediastinal Tumors

  • Brett W. CarterEmail author
  • Edith M. Marom


Mediastinal masses include a wide variety of histopathologic entities of neoplastic, congenital, vascular, and lymphatic origin. As mediastinal lesions are relatively uncommon, many radiologists, pathologists, and other healthcare providers will only encounter many of these abnormalities infrequently. Imaging plays a critical role in the identification and assessment of mediastinal lesions, enabling formulation of a focused differential diagnosis and ultimately guiding further clinical management. In some instances, imaging features of mediastinal masses may be identified on cross-sectional imaging techniques such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging that suggest a specific diagnosis. In other cases, a combination of imaging, pathological, and clinical information is necessary to narrow the differential diagnosis and guide management. In this chapter, we present the imaging features of key mediastinal lesions that radiologists and other healthcare providers will likely encounter in clinical practice.


Mediastinum Neoplasms Tumors Radiography Computed tomography Magnetic resonance imaging Positron emission tomography/computed tomography 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Diagnostic RadiologyHoustonUSA
  2. 2.The Tel Aviv University, Sackler School of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic ImagingTel AvivIsrael
  3. 3.Thoracic Imaging Section, The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Department of Diagnostic RadiologyRamat GanIsrael

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