Infrared Thermography

  • Carina Barbosa Pereira
  • Xinchi Yu
  • Stephan Dahlmanns
  • Vladimir Blazek
  • Steffen Leonhardt
  • Daniel Teichmann


Infrared thermography (also infrared imaging or thermal imaging) is a new remote, non-contact and non-invasive diagnostic and monitoring technique with increasing relevance in a wide range of medical fields. This is mainly due to the several advantages of this technology. Thermal imaging is a passive technique which detects the radiation naturally emitted from an object, in this case the human skin, and does not use any harmful radiation. Thus, infrared thermography (IRT) is suitable for prolonged and repeated use. In the last decades, new medical applications for thermal imaging have arisen. These techniques have been successfully used in the diagnosis of several pathologies, including breast cancer, rheumatic diseases, dry eye syndrome, vascular diseases, etc. Infrared thermography has also demonstrated its potential in the monitoring of several vital signs, including temperature, respiratory rate, heart rate, and blood perfusion. Recently, there has been new advance in 3D infrared imaging. A three-dimensional thermal signature may provide several advantages in the detection and monitoring of the course of several pathologies including arthritis, thyroid dysfunctions, breast cancer, sports lesions, and diabetic foot. The current chapter focuses on advances in the area of medical IRT. First, it reviews the basics of IRT and essential theoretical background. Second, some medical applications and corresponding methods are described in detail. Third, it gives an overview on the recent advances on “3D Infrared Thermography”.


Infrared thermography Medical applications Diagnostic Monitoring 3D infrared thermography 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carina Barbosa Pereira
    • 1
  • Xinchi Yu
    • 1
  • Stephan Dahlmanns
    • 1
  • Vladimir Blazek
    • 1
    • 2
  • Steffen Leonhardt
    • 1
  • Daniel Teichmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Chair for Medical Information Technology, Helmholtz-Institute for Biomedical EngineeringRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  2. 2.Czech Institute of Informatics, Robotics and Cybernetics (CIIRC)Czech Technical University in PraguePragueCzech Republic

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