Advertisement

Towards an Agenda for Profound Urban Climate Resilience in Southeast Asia

  • Matthias GarschagenEmail author
  • Danny Marks
Chapter
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)

Abstract

The research findings presented in this volume demonstrate that any meaningful engagement with resilience building in Southeast Asia’s small and mid-sized cities needs to start from a vulnerability perspective if it is to bring about sustainable and equitable risk reduction. Urbanization and other socio economic as well as political transitions in the region have in many instances aggravated rather than mitigated the exposure and susceptibility of residents in these cities to disasters and climate-related shocks. In order to overcome these vulnerability effects, four governance issues need to be addressed. First, the findings show that unequal power relations and perverse incentive structures often shape development and risk-reduction decisions in ways that allocate benefits to elites and emerging middle classes while disproportionately allocating ecological and social costs to the urban poor and marginalized, such as through evictions. Second, local governments often have limited accountability to reduce climate risks of their economically and politically marginalized constituents. Third, incomplete decentralization has resulted in national governments giving the responsibility for climate risk reduction to local governments, but often without sufficient resources. Fourth, the inherent tension in planning policies and politics between the short-term pressures for development and growth, especially in second-tier cities, and the long-term requirements for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation has weakened the implementation of climate risks policies. Therefore, we conclude with a call for future research on urban climate resilience to address these governance challenges.

Keywords

Urban risk Southeast Asia Resilience Political economy Research agenda 

References

  1. Friend R, Moench M (2013) What is the purpose of urban climate resilience? Implications for addressing poverty and vulnerability. Urban Climate 6(December):98–113.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.uclim.2013.09.002CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Marks D, Lebel L (2016) Disaster governance and the scalar politics of incomplete decentralization: fragmented and contested responses to the 2011 floods in Central Thailand. Habitat Int, Decentralizing Disaster Governance Special Issue 52(March):57–66Google Scholar
  3. Pahl-Wostl C, Lebel L, Knieper C, Nikitina E (2012) From applying panaceas to mastering complexity: toward adaptive water governance in river basins. Environ Sci Policy 23(November):24–34.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2012.07.014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ribot J (2011) Vulnerability before adaptation: toward transformative climate action. Glob Environ Change 21(4):1160–1162.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.07.008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Solecki W, Pelling M, Garschagen M (2017) Transitions between risk management regimes in cities. Ecol Soc 22(2).  https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-09102-220238
  6. Taylor M (2013) Climate change, relational vulnerability and human security: rethinking sustainable adaptation in agrarian environments. Climate Dev 5(4):318–327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Thai PBS (2017) Labour unions propose redefining of minimum wage. Thai PBS English News, 9 September 2017. http://englishnews.thaipbs.or.th/labour-unions-propose-redefining-minimum-wage/

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vulnerability Assessment, Risk Management, and Adaptive Planning (VARMAP)Institute for Environment and Human Security, United Nations UniversityBonnGermany
  2. 2.City University of Hong KongKowloon TongHong Kong

Personalised recommendations