China and Hong Kong
This chapter tells two distinct stories. The first charts the construction and evolution of China’s cultural policy since 1949 and reveals its relationship to the country’s transition from planned to market economy and consequent reforms of political, economic, and cultural institutions. This context is important for the second story, where we examine the retrocession of a former colony of the UK, Hong Kong, back into China. This transition is also, for the arts and cultural institutions of Hong Kong, as dramatic as the changes taking place in similar sectors in China. These stories converge in their response to change, and the evidence suggested in this chapter reveals that this is not an easy process. Each is following a journey that might be described as traveling in opposite directions, and yet they also need to meet somewhere in the middle in the not too distant future. The obvious question is whether they will collide, which will result in something getting broken, or will they find a workable solution? Indisputably arts and culture will play a key role in China over the next few decades, and uppermost in this will be the different perceptions of the role and value of cultural governance.
- Chronology of the Museum of Chinese Art. http://www.namoc.org/msg/dsj_1/dsj_1_1974/index_1.html.
- The Issue of Painting Academies in Contemporary China, originally published on the website of Shanghai Chinese Painting Academy (www.iiye.net), December 27th, 2007.