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Nanotechnology for Water Remediation

  • Jiban SaikiaEmail author
  • Abhijit Gogoi
  • Sukanya Baruah
Chapter
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 21)

Abstract

Scarcity of fresh drinkable water has escalated to be the one of the major global problem. Traditional wastewater treatment technologies are not adequate enough to produce safe water due to increasing demand of water coupled with stringent health guidelines and emerging contaminants. On that note, the advent of nanotechnology has given immense scope and opportunities for the removal of heavy metals, microorganisms and organic pollutants from wastewater and has emerged to be a very dynamic branch in the utilization of nanotechnology due to their unique physiochemical and biological properties compared to their bulk. Exploiting these properties of high specific surface area and surface reactivity have resulted in the excessive use and study of nanoparticles in wastewater remediation. The use of various nanomaterials, including carbon based nanomaterial, metal and metal oxides nanoparticles as were focused on, and their mode of action towards waste water remediation were discussed. Herein we tried to incorporate an overview of recent advances in nanotechnologies for water and wastewater treatment and understand various advantages, limitations and future direction.

Keywords

Nanotechnology Nanomaterials Wastewater treatment Adsorption Photocatalysis Disinfection Nanomembrane filtration 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nano Institute of UtahUniversity of UtahUtahUSA
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryDibrugarh UniversityDibrugarhIndia
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryHandique Girls CollegeGuwahatiIndia
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryGauhati UniversityGuwahatiIndia

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