Emerging Smart Microgrid Power Systems: Philosophical Reflections

  • Antonio Carlos Zambroni de SouzaEmail author
  • Benedito Donizeti Bonatto
  • Paulo F. Ribeiro


Researchers and engineers working with power systems studies face nowadays challenges that may change the way customers and utilities interact. These demands occur in part because the advent of smart grids and microgrids enables one to consider the possibility of a customer playing as a provider, depending on the system condition. As a consequence, the concept of “prosumers” arises, which happens when an entity may become, depending on the operating state, a generator or a source. This scenario brings new concerns since the operating and learning processes must be adapted to this new reality. At the same time, ethical aspects also need to be addressed. This chapter presents the operation of power systems of the future from a holistic point of view. For this sake, besides placing some theoretical concepts regarding basic philosophy, an example of ethical reflections of this new hopefully smart market is discussed.


Philosophy Technology Microgrids Smart grids Smart market 


  1. 1.
    de Vries, M. J. (2005). Teaching about technology. An introduction to the philosophy of technology for non-philosophers. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mitcham, C. (1994). Thinking through technology: The path between engineering and philosophy. Schuurman: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Verkerk, M. J., Hoogland, J., Van der Stoep, J., & Vries, M. J. (2007). Denken, ontwerpen, maken: basisboek techniekfilosofie. Amsterdam: Boom. 454 pp.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Harvey, D. (2010). A companion to Marx capital. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Almeida, A. B., Lo, K., Valença De Lorenci, E., Lopes, B. I. L., Zambroni De Souza, A. C., & Leme, R. C. (2013). Probabilistic voltage stability assessment considering renewable sources with the help of the PV and QV curves. IET Renewable Power Generation, 7, 521–530.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Seydel, R. (1988). From bifurcation to chaos. Elsevier.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Djokic, S. Z., Hirst, D., Bonatto, B. D., Arango, H., Liu, J., Pullins, S. W., Feiock, R. C., & Ribeiro, P. F. (2015). Dealing with a complex smart grid: An integrated perspective. In 2015 I.E. Power & Energy Society General Meeting, Denver, CO, July 26–30, 2015.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pereira, L. C., Lusvarghi, S. A. S., Arango, L. G., Arango, H., & Bonatto, B. D. (2015). Socioeconomic analysis of incentive public policies for the use of renewable energy per consumer class in Brazil (pp. 79–84). In 2015 I.E. PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Latin America (ISGT LATAM), Montevideo.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Arango, H., Bonatto, B. D., Pereira, L. C., Lusvarghi, S. A. S., Silveira, P. M., Carvalho Filho, J. M., & Abreu, J. P. G. (2014). An economic market model for the evaluation of sustainable social policies based on smart grids technologies. In CBPE 2014—IX Brazilian Congress on Energetic Planning, Florianopolis, SC, Aug 25–27, 2014.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pereira, L. C., Almeida, T. D., Arango, H., Bonatto, B. D., Carvalho Filho, J. M., & Silveira, P. M. (2013). Implementation of an economic model for the electricity market evaluation of public policies in smart grids. In ISGT LA 2013—IEEE PES Conference on Innovative Smart Grid Technologies, 2013, São Paulo-SP.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Arango, H., Bonatto, B. D., Abreu, J. P. G., Oliveira, T. C., Belchior, F. N., & Tahan, C. M. V. (2011). The electricity planning in terms of quality, market regulation and corporate governance. In IX CBQEE—Brazilian Conference about Power Quality, 2011, Cuiaba-MT.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Arango, H., Abreu, J. P. G., Bonatto, B. D., Tahan, C. M. V., Kagan, N., & Gouvêa, M. R. (2010). The influence of quality on the creation of economic value in electricity markets. In 14th ICHQP—International Conference on Harmonics and Quality of Power, 2010, Bergamo.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Arango, H., Abreu, J. P. G., Bonatto, B. D., Kagan, N., Tahan, C. M. V., & Gouvêa, M. R. (2008). A model for electricity markets: The impact of regulation on value. In 5th International Conference on The European Electricity Market—EEM 2008, 2008, Lisbon.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Arango, H., Abreu, J. P. G., Bonatto, B. D., Kagan, N., Tahan, C. M. V., & Gouvêa, M. R. (2008). Modeling the influence of power quality on the creation of market value. In 13th IEEE International Conference on Harmonics and Quality of Power—ICHQP 2008, Wollongong, NS.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kupfer, D., & Hasenclever, L. (2002). Industrial economy, Ed. Campus-Elsevier.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Friedman, L. (2002). The microeconomics of public policy analysis. Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Jehle, G. A., & Reny, J. P. (2000). Advanced microeconomic theory (2nd ed.). Addison Wesley – Longman.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kreps, D. (1990). A course in microeconomic theory, Ed. Harvester & Wheatshaf.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Jensen, M. C., & Meckling, W. H. (1976). Theory of the firm: Managerial behaviour, agency costs and ownership structure. Journal of Financial Economics, 3, 305–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Martin, J. D., & Petty, J. W. (2000). Value-based management. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Vincenti, W. G. (1990). What engineers know and how they know it: Analytical studies from aeronautical history, Johns Hopkins Studies in the History of Technology [New. Ser., No. 11]. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ribeiro, P. F., Polinder, H., & Verkerk, M. J. (2012). Planning and designing smart grids: Philosophical considerations. IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, 31(3), 34–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Lewis, C. S. (1943). Out of the silent planet, MacMillan.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    International Energy Outlook 2013—With Projections to 2040, July 2013, U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Analysis, U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC 20585.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Carlos Zambroni de Souza
    • 1
    Email author
  • Benedito Donizeti Bonatto
    • 1
  • Paulo F. Ribeiro
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Electrical Systems and Energy, Federal University of ItajubáItajubáBrazil

Personalised recommendations