Preface: Defining Our Terms
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In 1969 a young, Edinburgh-born theatre director by the name of Giles Havergal was appointed as artistic director of Glasgow’s major repertory playhouse, the Citizens Theatre. Within just a few years (as we will see in Chap. 5), he and his two fellow pioneer directors, Philip Prowse, and Robert David MacDonald, had transformed the Citizens into a powerhouse of European Modernist aesthetics. Scottish theatre had, of course, seen Modernist plays on its stages before, but no one hitherto had successfully infused theatre practice in Scotland with the kind of adventurous experimentation that had characterised the early-twentieth-century European avant-garde. The impact on Scottish theatre and society was immense, and continues to be seen and felt to this day.