The French Wine Industry

  • Adeline Alonso UgagliaEmail author
  • Jean-Marie Cardebat
  • Linda Jiao


The wine sector is crucial for the French economy. It represents the second net trade surplus (behind aeronautic) and allows for creating numerous jobs in rural regions, where economic activities are rare. France is historically one of the leaders of wine production around the world; one of the biggest producers in volume, along with Spain and Italy; and the main producer in value. French wines have an ancient and large reputation. Nevertheless the consumption and the production of wine have been experiencing a long-term decline (since the 1970s) in France. The exports are essential then. Facing the development of an intensive worldwide competition in the wine sector since the 1990s, French producers have to perform in order to maintain their competitiveness. The complexity of their industrial organization, the numerous appellation regimes, the high fragmentation of the production and the length of their supply chain are real challenges to face this competition coming from the Old World as well as the New World.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adeline Alonso Ugaglia
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jean-Marie Cardebat
    • 2
    • 3
  • Linda Jiao
    • 2
  1. 1.Bordeaux Sciences Agro, University of BordeauxGradignanFrance
  2. 2.University of BordeauxPessacFrance
  3. 3.INSEEC BordeauxBordeauxFrance

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