The Policy-Making of the European Security Strategy (2003)

  • Pol MorillasEmail author
Part of the The European Union in International Affairs book series (EUIA)


This chapter provides the first empirical case study of the book by looking at the policy-making process of the first foreign and security policy strategy ever adopted by the EU. The chapter shows how the different phases of strategy-making in the European Security Strategy (ESS) nuance the predominance of intergovernmentalism in the CFSP. Its policy-making process signals the emergence of an experimental mode in EU foreign policy, close to the dynamics of institutionalised intergovernmentalism (Christiansen in European Union: Power and Policy-Making. Routledge, London, pp. 135–154, 2001), whereby salient institutionalisation practices were led by the High Representative (HR) and his team at the General Secretariat of the Council. In 2003, Javier Solana benefited from a wide room of manoeuvre in all phases of a relatively short policy-making cycle due to the permissiveness of member states and his strong political leadership.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB)BarcelonaSpain

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