Ownership Inheritance from External Advocate
The case study chapters of this volume examine four behavioural patterns of local peacebuilders as stated above. They examine how the four types of ownership promotion have been employed in the two areas, focusing specifically on the strategies local actors utilize to develop their unique models of peacebuilding, the distinguishing features of each of these, and their limitations as models of authentically local peacebuilding. This chapter introduces the ownership inheritance cases where local actors strengthen their commitment to the peacebuilding programmes concerned through external actors’ voluntary ownership transfer. Such ownership inheritance frequently takes place while an organisation initially established by external peacebuilding actors attempts to localise. In other cases, local actors’ high-level of commitment is designed and encouraged by external advocates from the outset. Successful development of ownership inheritance brings about high levels of local ownership in terms of the organizational structure of peacebuilding agencies and the decision making process, where local representatives assume important roles. From a theoretical perspective, the chapter discusses that the local peacebuilders who inherit the ownership are likely to present different forms of norm diffusion and internalisation, adopting and internalising the value systems or core objectives set by the donor agencies.
KeywordsOwnership inheritance Ownership transfer Norm diffusion Norm localisation Capacity building
- Acharya, Amitav. 2004. How Ideas Spread: Whose Norms Matter? Norm Localization and Institutional Change in Asian Regionalism, International Organization 58 (2): 239–275.Google Scholar
- Bettiza, Gregorio, and Filippo Dionigi. 2014. Beyond Constructivism’s Liberal Bias: Islamic Norm Entrepreneurs in a Post-secular World Society. EUI Working Paper 10, Badia Fiesolana, European University Institute.Google Scholar
- Bolton, Nell, and Myla Leguro. 2015. Local Solutions to Land Conflict in Mindanao. Manila: CRS Philippines.Google Scholar
- Bonacker, Thorsten, Judith von Heusinger, and Kerstin Zimmer. 2017. Localization in Development Aid: How Global Institutions Enter Local Lifeworlds. Basingstoke: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Chaulia, Sreeram. 2007. International Organisations in Mindanao: To Protect or Not? The Journal of Humanitarian Assistance (February 1). Available at https://sites.tufts.edu/jha/archives/21. Accessed 15 Mar 2018.
- Devkota, Bharat Prasad. 2013. Nationalisation of International NGO Programmes and Institutions: Transformation of Development Institutions in the Context of Cambodia. Saarbrücken: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing.Google Scholar
- DPA. 2017. Development and Partnership in Action Website. Available at http://dpacam.org. Accessed 2 Feb 2016.
- Hiwasa, Ayako. 2014. Changing Gendered Boundaries in Rural Cambodia. In Southeast Asia and the Civil Society Gaze: Scoping a Contested Concept in Cambodia and Vietnam, ed. Gabi Waibel, Judith Ehlert, and Hart Feuer. London: Routledge (e-book).Google Scholar
- Keck, Margaret, and Kathryn Sikkink. 1998. Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
- Lee, Jeong-Hye. 2017. The Life and Learning in Banteay Prieb in Cambodia: Focusing on People-Centered Development in Technical Vocational Education and Training. Master’s dissertation, Seoul National University, Seoul.Google Scholar
- Lee, SungYong, and Alpaslan Özerdem (eds.). 2015. Local Ownership in International Peacebuilding: Key Theoretical and Practical Issues. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Lee, SungYong, and Wookbeom Park. 2015. Nurturing Local Voice: The UNDP’s Local Empowerment Programmes in Cambodia. In Local Ownership in International Peacebuilding: Key Theoretical and Practical Issues, ed. SungYong Lee and Alpaslan Özerdem, 135–155. London and New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Leguro, Myla, and the A3B Project Team. 2017. Mindanao: Binding, Bonding and Bridging. In Interreligious Action for Peace, ed. Tom Bamat, Nell Bolton, Myla Leguro, and Atalia Omer, 71–83. Baltimore, MD: Catholic Relief Services.Google Scholar
- Luco, Fabienne. 2002. Between a Tiger and a Crocodile. Phnom Penh: UNESCO.Google Scholar
- Risse, Thomas. 2002. Transnational Actors and World Politics. In Handbook of International Relations, ed. Walter Carlsnaes, Thoms Risse, and Beth Simmons. Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
- Risse, Thomas, Stephen Ropp, and Kathryn Sikkink (eds.). 1999. The Power of Human Rights: International Norms and Domestic Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Shaw, Rosalind, and Lars Waldorf (eds.). 2010. Localizing Transitional Justice: Interventions and Priorities After Mass Violence. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- World Bank. 2013. Land: Territory, Domain, and Identity. Available at http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/968161490797321335/pdf/113866-WP-P156212-GSU02-PUBLIC-Land-Territory-Domain-and-Identity-Web.pdf. Accessed 16 June 2018.
- Zimmermann, Lisbeth. 2016. Same Same or Different? Norm Diffusion Between Resistance, Compliance, and Localization in Post-conflict State. International Studies Perspectives 17 (1): 98–115.Google Scholar